Dr Christopher Watkins

Senior Lecturer

School School of Applied Sciences

Department Division of Psychology and Forensic Sciences

Contact info

+44 (0)1382 30 8646

Biography

I commenced my funded PhD in October 2010 (University of Aberdeen, supervised by Professor Benedict Jones), gained my lectureship in September 2012 and was promoted to Senior Lecturer in August 2017. I have published 31 peer-reviewed scientific papers, which includes 18 first-authored papers, 9 papers independent of PhD team, 4 sole-authored papers and 5 student-authored papers as PI (WoS statistics, 07/19: h index = 13, citations = 423, most cited paper = 59 citations). I have also published 6 book chapters and 1 magazine article and delivered 8 peer-reviewed conference papers, 1 invited talk and 16 conference posters. My research has attracted funding from The Carnegie Trust, The Experimental Psychology Society, Human Behavior and Evolution Society and the European Human Behavior and Evolution Association.

I am primarily interested in social judgements of faces and voices, in order to understand social interactions with possible romantic partners and associates. My work has attracted media attention with over 130 articles in international outlets and news media, including ScienceAPS Observer, The Atlantic, BBC, New York Post, The Times, The Australian, Hindustan Times and South China Morning Post. I have consolidated evidence from my recent research in a book chapter (Facial Displays of Leaders, Palgrave), and I am Section Editor for The Encyclopaedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science (Springer). My TEDx talk can be accessed here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TtPv1wuFJYI 

Prospective MbR/PhD students can visit my website (https://www.relationship-lab.com/) or contact me directly if they wish to discuss potential research opportunities.

Programme Leader: BSc Psychology and Counselling (NSS "Overall satisfaction" = 100% in 2018 and 93.3% in 2019)

https://www.abertay.ac.uk/course-search/undergraduate/psychology-and-counselling

Current teaching:

PSY401 Human Evolutionary Psychology (Module Leader); PSY207 Philosophy of Science, Mind and Self (Module Leader); PSY404: Mental Health and Ageing; PSY103: Evidence-based thinking. 

I have been nominated for three and co-won one Student Led Teaching Award since commencing my post at Abertay. I am Senior Fellow of the Higher Education Academy and Associate Fellow of the British Psychological Society.

Current PG Supervision: Jordan Sculley 

Project supervision and mentoring are important parts of my teaching. To date, I have supervised 58 students and/or funded Research Assistants (including 2 PhD and 4 MbR students) and have also supervised several volunteer RA's under the School's Research Volunteer Scheme. Supervision and working with students as PI has so far generated 4 peer-reviewed papers (Cowan et al., 2016; James et al., 2018; Watkins et al., 2019, 2017) and 8 peer-reviewed international conference outputs (Sculley et al., 2019, 2018; Tilley et al., 2014; Watkins & Leitch, 2018; Watkins et al., 2018, 2017, 2016, 2015).

Interests

What pulls us closer toward some people over others? Why do we look up to certain people (even if briefly) at the expense of others?

I am interested in how humans agree and differ in their judgements of attractiveness and whether our romantic preferences and sexuality provide a window into our evolutionary history. I am also interested in whether problems related to competition and cooperation faced by humans over evolutionary history have shaped our social judgements of others today. To date, most of this work has been conducted using computer graphic techniques inspired by Sir Francis Galton, which enables you to manipulate facial characteristics in order to test whether such manipulations have a corresponding effect on our first impression judgements of other people (e.g. by manufacturing two different versions of the same individual). My reserach interests bridge perspectives from cognitive, biological and social psychology with evolutionary biology, anthropology and zoology.

Please feel free to contact me if you are interested in collaboration or in conducting a postgraduate project under my supervision.

2019

Using sexual selection theories to examine contextual variation in heterosexual women’s orientation toward high heels

Watkins, C. D. & Leitch, A. (2019) Using sexual selection theories to examine contextual variation in heterosexual women’s orientation toward high heels. . . .
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Initial experimental evidence that the ability to choose between items alters attraction to familiar versus novel persons in different ways for men and women

Sculley, J., Watkins, C. D. & Ritchie, K. L. (2019) Initial experimental evidence that the ability to choose between items alters attraction to familiar versus novel persons in different ways for men and women. . . .
View in Research Portal

Kissing

Watkins, C. D. (2019) Kissing. In: Encyclopedia of evolutionary psychological science. Shackelford, T. (ed.), Weekes-Shackelford, V. (ed.). Living edition ed., . Springer.
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Personal feedback: Testing for relationships between personality traits and responses to key determinants of student satisfaction in UK Higher Education

MacAndrew, S. B. G. & Watkins, C. D. (2019) Personal feedback: Testing for relationships between personality traits and responses to key determinants of student satisfaction in UK Higher Education. . . .
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2018

Do national health and wealth predict attitudes toward, and use of mouth-to-mouth kissing in romantic relationships?

Watkins, C. D., Loengomez, J. D., Bovet, J., Zelazniewicz, A., Korbmacher, M. ., Correa Varella, M. A., Fernandez, A. M., Wagstaff, D. & Bolgan, S. (2018) Do national health and wealth predict attitudes toward, and use of mouth-to-mouth kissing in romantic relationships?. . . p. 104. .
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The coolidge effect and online dating

Sculley, J., Watkins, C. D. & Ritchie, K. L. (2018) The coolidge effect and online dating. . . p. 138. .
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Formidability and alliance politics in humans and nonhuman species

Watkins, C. D. (2018) Formidability and alliance politics in humans and nonhuman species. In: The facial displays of leaders. Senior, C. (ed.). p. 27-49. . Palgrave Macmillan.
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If the shoe fits?

Watkins, C. D. & Leitch, A. (2018) If the shoe fits?. . . p. 88. .
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National income inequality predicts cultural variation in mouth to mouth kissing

Watkins, C. D., Leongómez, J. D., Bovet, J., Zelazniewicz, A., Korbmacher, M. ., Correa Varella, M. A., Fernandez, A. M., Wagstaff, D. & Bolgan, S. (2018) National income inequality predicts cultural variation in mouth to mouth kissing. . . .
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Personality, gender, and culture

Watkins, C. D. (2018) Personality, gender, and culture. In: Encyclopedia of evolutionary psychological science. Shackelford, T. (ed.), Weekes-Shackelford, V. (ed.). Living edition ed., Cham: Springer.
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2017

Negative effects of makeup use on perceptions of leadership ability across two ethnicities

James, E. A., Jenkins, S. & Watkins, C. D. (2017) Negative effects of makeup use on perceptions of leadership ability across two ethnicities. . . p. 540-549. .
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Selective memory and the sex ratio

Watkins, C. D. & Perrett, D. (2017) Selective memory and the sex ratio. . . p. 136. .
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Own attractiveness and perceived relationship quality shape sensitivity in women’s memory for other men on the attractiveness dimension

Watkins, C. D., Nicholls, M. J., Batres, C., Xiao, D., Talamas, S. & Perrett, D. I. (2017) Own attractiveness and perceived relationship quality shape sensitivity in women’s memory for other men on the attractiveness dimension. . . .
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Own attractiveness and dissatisfaction with physical appearance independently predict the salience of facial cues to size when women judge other women’s attractiveness

Watkins, C. D. (2017) Own attractiveness and dissatisfaction with physical appearance independently predict the salience of facial cues to size when women judge other women’s attractiveness. . . p. 1321-1328. .
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2016

Own attractiveness and perceived relationship quality shape sensitivity in women’s memory for other men on the attractiveness dimension

Watkins, C. D., Nicholls, M. J., Batres, C., Xiao, D., Talamas, S. & Perrett, D. I. (2016) Own attractiveness and perceived relationship quality shape sensitivity in women’s memory for other men on the attractiveness dimension. . . p. 101. .
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Competition-related factors directly influence preferences for facial cues of dominance in allies

Watkins, C. D. & Jones, B. C. (2016) Competition-related factors directly influence preferences for facial cues of dominance in allies. . . p. 2071-2079. .
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Own attractiveness and perceived relationship quality shape sensitivity in women’s memory for other men on the attractiveness dimension

Watkins, C. D., Nicholls, M. J., Batres, C., Xiao, D., Talamas, S. & Perrett, D. I. (2016) Own attractiveness and perceived relationship quality shape sensitivity in women’s memory for other men on the attractiveness dimension. . . p. 146–154. .
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Vocal indicators of dominance

Watkins, C. D. & Pisanski, K. (2016) Vocal indicators of dominance. In: Encyclopedia of evolutionary psychological science. Shackelford, T. (ed.), Weekes-Shackelford, V. (ed.). 1 ed., . Springer.
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Creating beauty: creativity compensates for low physical attractiveness when individuals assess the attractiveness of social and romantic partners

Watkins, C. D. (2016) Creating beauty: creativity compensates for low physical attractiveness when individuals assess the attractiveness of social and romantic partners. . . .
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2015

It's the way he tells them

Cowan, M., Watkins, C. D., Fraccaro, P., Feinberg, D. & Little, A. (2015) It's the way he tells them. . . .
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Perceptions of facial dominance, trustworthiness and attractiveness predict managerial pay awards in experimental tasks

Fruhen, L. S., Watkins, C. D. & Jones, B. C. (2015) Perceptions of facial dominance, trustworthiness and attractiveness predict managerial pay awards in experimental tasks. . . p. 1005-1016. .
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Social support influences preferences for feminine facial cues in potential social partners

Watkins, C. D., Debruine, L. M., Little, A. C. & Jones, B. C. (2015) Social support influences preferences for feminine facial cues in potential social partners. . . p. 109. .
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2014

A sex difference in the context sensitivity of dominance perceptions

Watkins, C. D., Debruine, L. M., Feinberg, D. R. & Jones, B. C. (2014) A sex difference in the context sensitivity of dominance perceptions. . . p. 76. .
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It’s the way he tells them (and who is listening)

Cowan, M. L., Watkins, C. D., Fraccaro, P. J., Feinberg, D. R. & Little, A. C. (2014) It’s the way he tells them (and who is listening). . . p. 97-104. .
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Do romantic partners impose greater financial costs than other social partners?

Cunningham, C. L., Tilley, E. B. & Watkins, C. D. (2014) Do romantic partners impose greater financial costs than other social partners?. . . .
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Beauty in the eye of the beholder

Debruine, L. M., Jones, B. C., Roberts, S. C., Little, A. C. & Watkins, C. D. (2014) Beauty in the eye of the beholder. In: Animal behavior: how and why animals do the things they do. Yasukawa, K. (ed.), Tang-Martinez, Z. (ed.). p. 311-345. Santa Barbara, California: Praeger.
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Priming concerns about pathogen threat versus resource scarcity

Watkins, C. D., DeBruine, L. M., Little, A. C., Feinberg, D. R. & Jones, B. C. (2014) Priming concerns about pathogen threat versus resource scarcity. . . .
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2013

Cues derived from facial appearance in security-related contexts

Watkins, C. D. (2013) Cues derived from facial appearance in security-related contexts. . . .
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Experimental tests of mate preferences predict real-world mate choice

Fincher, C., Debruine, L. ., Watkins, C. D., Little, A. & Jones, B. (2013) Experimental tests of mate preferences predict real-world mate choice. . . .
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2012

Priming men with different contest outcomes modulates their dominance perceptions

Watkins, C. D. & Jones, B. C. (2012) Priming men with different contest outcomes modulates their dominance perceptions. . . p. 539-543. .
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Social support influences preferences for feminine facial cues in potential social partners

Watkins, C. D., DeBruine, L. M., Little, A. C. & Jones, B. C. (2012) Social support influences preferences for feminine facial cues in potential social partners. . . p. 340-347. .
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Reproductive ambition predicts partnered, but not unpartnered, women's preferences for masculine men

Watkins, C. D. (2012) Reproductive ambition predicts partnered, but not unpartnered, women's preferences for masculine men. . . p. 317–329. .
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Salivary cortisol and pathogen disgust predict men's preferences for feminine shape cues in women's faces

Jones, B. C., Fincher, C. L., Welling, L. L., Little, A. C., Feinberg, D. R., Watkins, C. D., Al-Dujaili, E. A. S. & DeBruine, L. M. (2012) Salivary cortisol and pathogen disgust predict men's preferences for feminine shape cues in women's faces. . . p. 233-240. .
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A sex difference in the context-sensitivity of dominance perceptions

Watkins, C. D., DeBruine, L. M., Feinberg, D. R. & Jones, B. C. (2012) A sex difference in the context-sensitivity of dominance perceptions. . . p. 366–372. .
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Perceived facial adiposity conveys information about women’s health

Tinlin, R. M., Watkins, C. D., Welling, L. L., DeBruine, L. M., Al-Dujaili, E. A. S. & Jones, B. C. (2012) Perceived facial adiposity conveys information about women’s health. . . .
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Priming men with different contest outcomes modulates their dominance perceptions

Watkins, C. D. & Jones, B. C. (2012) Priming men with different contest outcomes modulates their dominance perceptions. . . .
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Pathogen disgust predicts women’s preferences for masculinity in men’s voices, faces, and bodies

Jones, B. C., Feinberg, D. R., Watkins, C. D., Fincher, C. L., Little, A. C. & DeBruine, L. M. (2012) Pathogen disgust predicts women’s preferences for masculinity in men’s voices, faces, and bodies. . . p. 373-379. .
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Individual differences in women's perceptions of other women's dominance

Watkins, C. D., Quist, M. C., Smith, F. G., DeBruine, L. M. & Jones, B. C. (2012) Individual differences in women's perceptions of other women's dominance. . . p. 79–86. .
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Opposite-sex siblings decrease attraction, but not prosocial attributions, to self-resembling opposite-sex faces

DeBruine, L., Jones, B., Watkins, C. D., Roberts, S., Little, A., Smith, F. & Quist, M. (2012) Opposite-sex siblings decrease attraction, but not prosocial attributions, to self-resembling opposite-sex faces. . . p. 48. .
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Perceived facial adiposity conveys information about women's health

Tinlin, R. M., Watkins, C. D., Welling, L. L. M., DeBruine, L. M., Al-Dujaili, E. A. S. & Jones, B. C. (2012) Perceived facial adiposity conveys information about women's health. . . p. 235-248. .
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Cues to the sex ratio of the local population influence women’s preferences for facial symmetry

Watkins, C. D., Jones, B. C., Little, A. C., DeBruine, L. M. & Feinberg, D. R. (2012) Cues to the sex ratio of the local population influence women’s preferences for facial symmetry. . . p. 545-553. .
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Priming concerns about pathogen threat versus resource scarcity: dissociable effects on women’s perceptions of men’s attractiveness and dominance

Watkins, C. D., DeBruine, L. M., Little, A. C., Feinberg, D. R. & Jones, B. C. (2012) Priming concerns about pathogen threat versus resource scarcity: dissociable effects on women’s perceptions of men’s attractiveness and dominance. . . p. 1549–1556. .
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Sociosexuality predicts women’s preferences for symmetry in men’s faces

Quist, M. C., Watkins, C. D., Smith, F. G., Little, A. C., DeBruine, L. M. & Jones, B. C. (2012) Sociosexuality predicts women’s preferences for symmetry in men’s faces. . . p. 1415–1421. .
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2011

Dominant themes

Watkins, C. D. (2011) Dominant themes. . . p. 550-551. .
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Facial masculinity is a cue to women’s dominance

Quist, M. C., Watkins, C. D., Smith, F., DeBruine, L. & Jones, B. (2011) Facial masculinity is a cue to women’s dominance. . . p. 170. .
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Opposite-sex siblings decrease attraction, but not prosocial attributions, to self-resembling opposite-sex faces

DeBruine, L. M., Jones, B. C., Watkins, C. D., Roberts, S. C., Little, A. C., Smith, F. G. & Quist, M. C. (2011) Opposite-sex siblings decrease attraction, but not prosocial attributions, to self-resembling opposite-sex faces. . . p. 11710–11714.. .
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Cues to the sex ratio of the local population influence women’s preferences for facial symmetry

Watkins, C. D., Jones, B., Little, A., DeBruine, L. & Feinberg, D. (2011) Cues to the sex ratio of the local population influence women’s preferences for facial symmetry. . . .
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'Eavesdropping' and perceived male dominance rank in humans

Jones, B. C., DeBruine, L. M., Little, A. C., Watkins, C. D. & Feinberg, D. R. (2011) 'Eavesdropping' and perceived male dominance rank in humans. . . p. 1203-1208. .
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Facial masculinity is a cue to women’s dominance

Quist, M. C., Watkins, C. D., Smith, F. G., DeBruine, L. M. & Jones, B. C. (2011) Facial masculinity is a cue to women’s dominance. . . p. 1089-1093. .
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Experimental evidence that women speak in a higher voice pitch to men they find attractive

Fraccaro, P. J., Jones, B. C., Vukovic, J., Smith, F. G., Watkins, C. D., Feinberg, D. R., Little, A. C. & DeBruine, L. M. (2011) Experimental evidence that women speak in a higher voice pitch to men they find attractive. . . p. 57-67. .
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Like father, like self

Watkins, C. D., DeBruine, L. M., Smith, F. G., Jones, B. C., Vukovic, J. & Fraccaro, P. J. (2011) Like father, like self. . . p. 101. .
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Facial masculinity is a cue to women’s dominance

Quist, M. C., Watkins, C. D., Smith, F. G., DeBruine, L. M. & Jones, B. C. (2011) Facial masculinity is a cue to women’s dominance. . . p. 105. .
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Perceptions of partner femininity predict individual differences in men’s sensitivity to facial cues of male dominance

Watkins, C. D., DeBruine, L. M., Little, A. C., Feinberg, D. R., Fraccaro, P. J. & Jones, B. C. (2011) Perceptions of partner femininity predict individual differences in men’s sensitivity to facial cues of male dominance. . . p. 69-82. .
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Reported sexual desire predicts men’s preferences for sexually dimorphic cues in women’s faces

Jones, B. C., Little, A. C., Watkins, C. D., Welling, L. L. & DeBruine, L. M. (2011) Reported sexual desire predicts men’s preferences for sexually dimorphic cues in women’s faces. . . p. 1281–1285. .
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Like father, like self

Watkins, C. D., DeBruine, L. M., Smith, F. G., Jones, B. C., Vukovic, J. & Fraccaro, P. J. (2011) Like father, like self. . . p. 70-75. .
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2010

Women's voice pitch changes when viewing attractive men

Fraccaro, P., Jones, B., Vukovic, J., Smith, F., Watkins, C., Feinberg, D., Little, A. & DeBruine, L. (2010) Women's voice pitch changes when viewing attractive men. . . p. 46. .
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Like father, like self

Watkins, C., DeBruine, L., Smith, F., Jones, B., Vukovic, J. & Fraccaro, P. (2010) Like father, like self. . . p. 98. .
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Taller men are less sensitive to cues of dominance in other men

Watkins, C. D., Fraccaro, P. J., Smith, F. G., Vukovic, J., Feinberg, D. R., DeBruine, L. M. & Jones, B. C. (2010) Taller men are less sensitive to cues of dominance in other men. . . p. 943-947. .
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Individual differences in dominance perception

Watkins, C. D., Jones, B. C. & DeBruine, L. M. (2010) Individual differences in dominance perception. . . p. 943-947. .
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Correlated male preferences for femininity in female faces and voices

Fraccaro, P. J., Feinberg, D. R., DeBruine, L. M., Little, A. C., Watkins, C. D. & Jones, B. C. (2010) Correlated male preferences for femininity in female faces and voices. . . p. 447-461. .
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More Information

Knowledge Exchange

(all KE activity listed below are oral presentations unless otherwise indicated)

Sculley, J., Watkins, C. D. & Ritchie, K. L. (2019). Initial experimental evidence that the ability to choose between items alters attraction to familiar versus novel persons in different ways for men and women. Society for Personality and Social Psychology Annual Conference (Pre-conference on Psychology of Media and Technology), Portland, Oregon (February 2019). *Poster*

Watkins, C. D. & Leitch, A. (2018). If the shoe fits? Using sexual selection theories to examine potential between-women and within-women differences in their responses to high heels. International Society for Human Ethology Biennial Conference, Santiago, Chile (August/September 2018).

Sculley, J., Watkins, C. D. & Ritchie, K. L. (2018). The Coolidge Effect and Online Dating: Primed choice of both potential dates and resources directly reduces the attractiveness of familiar faces. International Society for Human Ethology Biennial Conference, Santiago, Chile (September 2018). *Poster*

Watkins, C. D., Leongomez, J. D., Bovet, J., Zelazniewicz, A., Korbmacher, M., Correa Varella, M. A., Fernandez, A. M., Wagstaff, D. & Bolgan, S. (2018). Do national health and wealth predict attitudes toward, and use of mouth-to-mouth kissing in romantic relationships? International Society for Human Ethology Biennial Conference, Santiago, Chile (September 2018). *Poster*

Watkins, C.D., Nicholls, M., Batres, C., Xiao, D., Talamas, S. & Perrett, D.I. (2017). Own attractiveness and perceived relationship quality shape women's memory for other men on the attractiveness dimension. Human Behaviour and Evolution Society, Boise, Idaho (June 2017).

Cowan, M. L., Watkins, C. D., Fraccaro, P. J., Feinberg, D. R. & Little, A. C. (2015). It's the way he tells them: Men's dominance is positively correlated with their preference for jokes told by dominant-sounding men. PTNCE, Poznan, Poland (September 2015).

Watkins, C. D., DeBruine, L. M., Little, A. C. & Jones, B. C. (2015). Social support influences preferences for feminine facial cues in potential social partners. EHBEA, Helsinki, Finland (Poster Presentation, March/April 2015).

Hegarty, L., Tadden-Paterson, C. & Watkins, C. D. (2015). What you see is what you get? The Dark Triad and sex differences in impression management in online dating. British Psychological Society Undergraduate Conference (Scottish Branch), University of Strathclyde, March 2015.

Watkins, C. D. (2014). The Face of Dundee. Public Lecture, Dundee Science Festival, Abertay University (November 2014).

Tilley, E. B., Cunningham, C. L. & Watkins, C. D. (2014). Do romantic partners impose additional costs than other social partners? PTNCE, Wroclaw, Poland (Poster Presentation, October 2014).

Watkins, C. D., DeBruine, L. M., Little, A. C., Feinberg, D. R. & Jones, B. C. (2014). Priming concerns about pathogen threat versus resource scarcity: Dissociable effects on women's perceptions of men's attractiveness and dominance. PTNCE, Wroclaw, Poland (October 2014).

Watkins, C. D., DeBruine, L. M., Feinberg, D. R. & Jones, B. C. (2014). A sex difference in the context sensitivity of dominance perceptions. Human Behavior and Evolution Society Conference, Natal, Brazil (August 2014, Chair of session on Aggression and Homicide).

Watkins, C. D. (2013). Take me out? The science of love, sex and attraction. Public Lecture, Dundee Science Festival, Abertay University (November 2013).

Watkins, C. D. (2013). Competition and social perception of faces. Invited talk, Behavior and Evolution Research Group, University of Stirling.

Watkins, C. D. & Jones, B. C. (2012). Priming men with different contest outcomes modulates their dominance perceptions. Human Behavior and Evolution Society Conference, Albuquerque, New Mexico.

Watkins, C. D., Jones, B. C., Little, A. C., DeBruine, L. M. & Feinberg, D. R. (2011). Cues to the sex ratio of the local population influence women's preferenecs for facial symmetry. Human Behavior and Evolution Society Conference, Montpellier, France.

Watkins, C. D., Quist, M. C., Smith, F. G., DeBruine, L. M. & Jones, B. C. (2011). Individual differences in women's perceptions of other women's dominance. Evolutionary and Biological Approaches to Behaviour Research Group, Abertay University, Scotland.

Meet the rest of the team

Dr Rebecca Sharman

Dr Rebecca Sharman

Division of Psychology and Forensic Sciences | Lecturer

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Mr Darren Phillips

Mr Darren Phillips

Division of Psychology and Forensic Sciences | Lecturer

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