Dr Scott Hardie

Head of Division

School School of Social and Health Sciences

Department Division of Sport and Exercise Sciences

Contact info

+44 (0)1382 30 8587


I lead the Division of Sport and Exercise Sciences at Abertay.

I’m a Professional Psychologist, with over 25 years of experience in research within Differential Psychology.

I joined Abertay as a lecturer in 1996 -  shortly after completing my PhD in Primate Behaviour at the University of Stirling - and have since held various senior posts including Psychology Division Leader and Director of Research. 

My research interests are varied but all fall within the umbrella of Differential Psychology and how our individual differences influence behaviour in sport, health, mental health and wellbeing. I’m particularly interested in how biology and evolution influence the way humans interact with the world, and how it influences their personality and response style. 

I have published extensively within the field of Differential Psychology. My most recent work relates to the application of the psychometric measurement of recovery in mental health and in the field of sport. 

I’m a Chartered Psychologist, an Associate Fellow of the British Psychological Society and Chair of the Scottish Branch of the British Psychological Society.  I’m also professionally qualified in Psychometric Testing.

I have taught Biological Psychology since 1996, and I currently teach on the following modules:



  • PSY308: Biological Influences on Behaviour in Humans and Non-humans
  • SPS400: Sport Research Project
  • SPS404: Student Negotiated Learning



I also contribute to other modules,  where I provide sessions on Psychometrics, Methods etc.

My own research interests are varied but all fall within the umbrella of Differential Psychology and how individual differences influence behaviour in sport, health, mental health and wellbeing. Specific areas of focus include Personality, Handedness, Recovery in Mental Health, Animal Behaviour (primates and other animals), Biological Psychology, Evolutionary Psychology, Stress/anxiety, Emotional Processing, Psychometrics, Zoo Visitor Behaviour (public engagement and understanding), Stress and Job Stress, Laterality and emotional processing, Hormones, Procrastination, Children and their use of computer games.

One major focus revolves around how biology and evolution influences the way that humans interact with the world, how it influences their personality and response style. I am keen to further develop this work in relation to Sport, technology, games, academic attainment and other applications.

Research Degree Opportunities

I am willing to supervise students in any of these or related areas, and we offer the following research degrees: one-year MSc by Research, two-year MPhil or three-year PhD.  For more information please email   s.hardie@abertay.ac.uk  or telephone 01382 308587.

To date I have successfully supervised 5 PhD  three MPhil and 4 MSc by Research students.

Dickens, G.L., Rudd, B.,  Hallett, N., Ion, R. M.  &  Hardie, S. M.  (2017) Factor validation and Rasch analysis of the individual recovery outcomes counter.  Disability and Rehabilitation http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09638288.2017.1375030  

Hardie, S.M., Wright, L. & Clark, L. (2016). Handedness and Social Anxiety: Using Bryden’s research as a catalyst to explore the influence of familial sinistrality and degree of handedness. Laterality, 21(4-6), 329-347.

Wright, L & Hardie, S.M. (2015). Left-handers look before they leap: Handedness influences reactivity to novel Tower of Hanoi Tasks. Front. Psychol http://journal.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00058/abstract  

Hardie SM and Wright L (2014) Differences between left- and right-handers in approach/avoidance motivation: influence of consistency of handedness measures. Front. Psychol. 5:134. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00134 http://journal.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00134/abstract (Open Access)

Ion R, Monger B, Hardie S, Henderson N and Cumming J. (2013) Usability of a Tool to Measure Progress and Outcome in Recovery in Mental Health  British Journal of Mental Health Nursing, 2(4), 56-60.

Hardie, S.M., & Wright, L. (2013). The relationship between Revised Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (rRST), handedness and indecision. Personality and Individual Differences55, 312–316  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2013.03.004

Wright, L., Watt, S.,  & Hardie, S.M. (2013). Influences of lateral preference and personality on behaviour towards a manual sorting task. Personality and Individual Differences, 54(8), 903-907. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2013.01.005

Monger, B., Hardie, S., Ion, R., Cumming, J. & Henderson, N. (2013). The Individual Recovery Outcomes Counter: Preliminary Validation of a Personal Recovery Measure. The Psychiatrist, 37, 1-7. http://pb.rcpsych.org/content/37/7/221.full.pdf+html (open access)

Monger, B., Ion, R., Henderson, N., Cumming, J., & Hardie, S. (2012). Outcome measurement in a Scottish Mental Health charity. Mental Health Today, March/April, 24-27.

Wright, L., & Hardie, S. M.  (2012) Are left-handers really more anxious?.  Laterality, 17(5), 629-642. DOI: 10.1080/1357650X.2011.615126

Scrimgeour, A., Szymkowiak, A., Hardie, S. & Scott-Brown, K. (2011) Gender and hazard perception in relation to trained police officers. The Police Journal  84(4), 333-343. DOI: 10.1358/pojo.2011.84.4.524

Wright, L., & Hardie, S. M.  (2011). "Not ready to sort it yet." Revised Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (rRST) predicts left-handed Behavioural Inhibition During a Manual Sorting Task. Laterality, 16(6), 753-767.  DOI: 10.1080/1357650X.2010.521752

Majolo,B., Ventura, R.,  Koyama, N.F., Hardie, S. M., Jones, B. M., Knapp, L.A. and Schino, G. (2009) Food competition within and between groups: effects on Japanese macaque social relationships. Behaviour 146:113-137

Wright, L., Hardie, S.M. & Wilson, K.(2009). Handedness and Behavioural Inhibition: Left handed females show most inhibition as measured by BIS/BAS self-report. Personality and Individual Differences 46:20-24

Ventura, R., Majolo, B., Koyama, N.F., Hardie, S.  & Schino, G (2006) Reciprocation and Interchange in Wild Japanese Macaques: Grooming, Co-Feeding and Agonistic Support. American Journal of Primatology  68:1-12

Ventura, R., Majolo, B., Schino, G.,  & Hardie, S.M. (2005) Differential effects of ambient temperature and humidity on allogrooming, selfgrooming and scratching in wild Japanese macaques. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 126:453-457

Hardie, S.M., Hancock, P., Rodway, P., Penton-Voak, I., Carson, D. &  Wright, L.  (2005) The enigma of facial asymmetry:  Is there a gender specific pattern of facedness? Laterality 10(4): 295-304

Wright, L., Hardie, S.M. & Rodway, P. (2004). Pause before you respond: Handedness influences response style on the Tower of Hanoi task. Laterality 9(2): 133-147

Rodway, P.,  Wright, L. & Hardie, S.M. (2003) The valence-specific laterality effect in free viewing conditions: The influence of sex, handedness, and response bias, Brain and Cognition,  53(3): 452-463

Hardie, S.M., Prescott, M.J & Buchanan-Smith, H.M. (2003) Ten years of mixed-species troops at Belfast Zoological Gardens. Primate Report 65:21-3

Buchanan-Smith, H.M., Hardie, S.M., Caceres, C. & Prescott, M.J. (2000) Distribution and forest utilization of Saguinus and other primates of  the Pando Department, northern Bolivia. International Journal of Primatology  21(3): 353-379

Hardie, S.M. & Buchanan-Smith, H.M. (2000) Responses of captive single- and mixed-species groups of Saguinus to novel non-threatening objects. International Journal of Primatology    21(4): 629-648

Hardie, S. M. & Williams, C. (1999) Behavioural assessment of communication in adults with profound learning difficulties - measuring accurately?. Proceedings of the   British Psychological Society  I7(2):144

Hardie, S.M. (1998) Mixed-species tamarin groups (Saguinus fuscicollis and Saguinus labiatus) in Northern Bolivia. Primate Report.  (50): 39-62

Buchanan-Smith, H.M. & Hardie, S.M. (1997) Tamarin mixed-species groups:  An evaluation of a combined captive and field approach. Folia Primatologica.  68(3-5).  Pgs: 272-286

Hardie, S.M. & Buchanan-Smith, H.M. (1997) Vigilance in single- and mixed-species groups of tamarins (Saguinus labiatus and Saguinus fuscicollis). International Journal of Primatology 18(2): 217-234

Hardie S.M. (1997) Exhibiting mixed-species groups of sympatric tamarins Saguinus spp at Belfast Zoo. International Zoo Yearbook. 35:261-266

Buchanan-Smith, H.M., Hardie, S.M.,  Prescott, M., Stronge, J.,& Challis, M. (1996) Callitrichids at Belfast Zoological Gardens, Northern Ireland. Neotropical Primates.  4(4): 143-146

Hardie, S.M. (1995) Do subordinate female Callimico disperse from their social groups? Folia Primatologica. 64(4): 192-195

Hardie, S.M., Day, R.T. & Buchanan-Smith, HM (1993) Mixed-species Saguinus groups at Belfast Zoological Gardens. Neotropical Primates (4): 20-21

More Information


Knowledge Transfer Partnership (KTP) with Penumbra (£87K), 2011-12.

‘Building the Centre for Psychology' (£360K), SRIF, 2002. 

Part of SPRG ‘Living Links’ Grant (£1.6M)

'Living Links Public Engagement' (£18K) Darwin-200 Public Engagement Grant, Office of the Chief Scientific Adviser to the Scottish Government

Co-investigator. 'Computer games use in Scottish Schools (£10K). Scottish Screen & LTS.

University Studentship (£45K) for Rafaella Ventura

University Whitespace Studentship (£50K) for Paul Robertson

British Academy (£5K).

Young Carers Research (£ 6.7K ) with Jason Annetts. NHS Tayside, 2012

Memory Box Network (£8K) with Roise Stenhouse and Robin Ion, 2013


  • Chartered Psychologist (CPsychol),
  • Associate Fellow of the British Psychological Society (AFBPsS),
  • Member of the Division of Academic, Researchers and Teachers in Psychology.
  • Member, Primate Society of Great Britain,
  • Member, International Primate Society;
  • Core Member, Scottish Primate Research Group (SPRG);
  • Member, Association for the Study of Animal Behaviour (ASAB).
  • Member of Education and Public Engagement Board (EPEB) of the British Psychological Society
  • BPS Scottish Branch Treasurer (2013), Deputy Chair (2014), Chair (2016-18), Past Chair (2018-19)
  • Member of Partnership and Accreditation Committee (PAC) of the British Psychological Society
  • External Examiner for MRes at Queen Margaret University (2014-18)
  • BPS (UK) representative on European Federation of Psychological Association's Board of Educational Affairs.


External Programme and Subject Examiner for  BA Psychology and Sociology, Napier University (2005-2009)

Reviewer:  For example, Book for Palgrave Macmillan, Regular Journal reviewer (Personality and Individual Differences, Cognition and Emotion, Laterality, Animal Behaviour, JEP, Cortex, Angle Orthandontics), Grants (ESRC, BBSRC), Welcome Trust

Knowledge Exchange

I have completed a Knowledge Transfer Partnership (KTP) with Robin Ion, working with Penumbra. This involved £87K of funding, ran for 18 months, and has led to a continuation of the research, with the associate (Bridey Monger) having gained her PhD under my supervsion. The KTP was given the highest possible grading of  'Outstanding'  by the KTP Grading Panel, for its achievement in meeting KTP's objectives. The scores the partnership in the top 10-12% of all partnerships.

I have completed consultancy work in the past with a games development company,with Learning and Teaching Scotland (LTS) and also worked with a local training and development company.

Along with colleagues we worked on an evaluation for the 'Memory Box Network' -  a charity which provides services to increase the quality of life of individuals living with dementia, their families and those close to them through the use of Reminiscence Therapy.


Dissemination Events

The Hand Stand. Dundee Science Festival. October, 2009.

The Hand Stand. Aberdeen Science Festival. September, 2010.

The Face Base.  Dundee Science Festival.  October, 2010.

Monkey Business - What can primates tell us about ourselves? Café Science Dundee, March 2010.

Wright, L. & Hardie, S. M. (2008). 'Left out: considering handedness as a variable' KnowFife Research Fair, Dunfermline, November 2008.

Recent Newspaper reports

Dundee Courier, 11th February 2012. “Abertay University researchers find lefties have a handy advantage when the pressure is on”

Recent Television and Radio

BBC News Website, 8th February 2012. Left-handed people 'make better decisions'   http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-tayside-central-16943780

Dundeechannel.com, 8th February 2012. Lefties more likely to look before they leap.

BBC Radio Scotland ‘Drivetime’ Interview, 8th  February 2012.

Meet the rest of the team

Professor David Lavallee

Professor David Lavallee

Division of Sport and Exercise Sciences | Professor of Duty of Care in Sport

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Dr Ashley Richardson

Dr Ashley Richardson

Division of Sport and Exercise Sciences | Lecturer

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