Dr Kenneth Scott-Brown

Senior Lecturer

School School of Applied Sciences

Department Division of Psychology and Forensic Sciences

Contact info

+44 (0)1382 30 8590

Biography

I’m best known in Psychology for the idea of ‘Comparison Blindness’.

My work – which is interdisciplinary in nature - tackles the problem of change blindness related to computer interfaces and explores the use of animation techniques to address this.  I have applied these research techniques to the area of CCTV Surveillance.

I’m also the creator and curator of the Abertay Challenge Student Led Design Consultancy Scheme which allows companies, the public sector and the third sector to sponsor a team of students to work on a specific design challenge for interactive screen media, digital games or public engagement.

My interdisciplinary research portfolio and its focus on public engagement in science has been recognised at the national level through my induction into the Scottish Crucible - a research and development programme for Scotland’s research leaders of the future. 

Before joining the University of Abertay, I held Post-Doctoral positions at the University of Nottingham, St Andrews and Glasgow Caledonian University.

I hold a PhD and MA (Hons) from the University of St Andrews.

I have teaching responsibilities for Undergraduate and Masters Level Perception and Cognitive Psychology as well as Research Methods. I also supervise postrgaduate research students, you can see some of their publications in my list below.

 

Interests

I am best known in Psychology for the idea of ‘Comparison Blindness’. Harry Orbach introduced me to Change Blindness, and while working in his lab I suggested that the problem of surprising difficulties in perception that became known as change blindness could be accounted for by the notion of a difficulty in the brain making explicit comparisons, rather than due to explanations of sparse coding of objects.

During my time at Abertay, I have sought to develop applications for my findings in Change Blindness. These have been most notably achieved in the domain of Policing, where I have conducted Knowledge Exchange work with Surveillance Operators in the Police, and have a collaboration with the Active Vision Laboratory at Dundee University assessing the oculomotor constraints on effective use of complex, multi-element visual displays.

Knowledge Transfer and Applications

More recently, I have been lucky enough to pursue this Change Blindness strand, along with my previous experience in the perception of motion at St Andrews University at Abertay, through my close collaboration with colleagues as the Institute for Arts Media and Computer Games. In a series of projects we are tackling the problems of change blindness that occur in computer interfaces by using animation techniques to effectively guide user attention in a complex visual array to the desired area. We argue that a combination of pictorial and animation cues is the best method to achieve this, rather than to rely on symbolic cues such as written instructions.

Research Degree Opportunities

I am keen to supervise students in any of these or related areas, and we offer the following research degrees: one-year MSc by Research, two-year MPhil or three-year PhD.  For more information please email   k.scott-brown @ abertay.ac.uk  (take out the spaces) or telephone +44(0)1382 308590.

Perception Lab People 

Lucinda McArdle (Mphil)

Alumni:

Santiago Gil Martinez (Phd) 

Neil Kirk (MSc)

Catherine Bain (MBRes)

(Whitespace Funded Studentships)

Sharon Ovenstone (Nee Pearson) (Mphil)

Robin Sloan PhD

Mark Shovman PhD

Previous Visiting Academics:

Michael Edward Edgerton

Leverhulme Composer in Residence (2006/7), University of Abertay Dundee.

Winner of the Kompositionspreis der Landeshauptstadt Stuttgart 2007!!!

http://edgertonmichael.tripod.com/

Link to residency page and playable sample files: http://www.abertay.ac.uk/About/Residency.cfm

2018

Designing authentication with seniors in mind

Renaud, K., Scott-Brown, K. C. & Szymkowiak, A. (2018) Designing authentication with seniors in mind. In: Proceedings of the Mobile Privacy and Security for an Ageing Population workshop at the 20th International Conference on Human Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services (MobileHCI) 2018, Barcelona, Spain. . .
View in Research Portal

2017

The ABCD of usability testing

Forbes, P., De Paoli, S. & Scott-Brown, K. C. (2017) The ABCD of usability testing. In: Proceedings of the 31st International BCS Human Computer Interaction Conference (HCI 2017). Hall, L. (ed.), Flint, T. (ed.), O'Hara, S. (ed.), Turner, P. (ed.). . BCS, The Chartered Institute for IT.
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2016

Building bridges between user and designer

Martinez, S., Isaacs, J. P., Fernandez-Gutierrez, F., Gilmour, D. J. & Scott-Brown, K. C. (2016) Building bridges between user and designer. In: Advances in Design for Inclusion: Proceedings of the AHFE 2016 International Conference on Design for Inclusion. . p. 117-129. Chambray: Springer.
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Can't see the snake for the leaves

Lovell, P. G., Scott-Brown, K. C., Egan, J. & Sharman, R. J. (2016) Can't see the snake for the leaves. . . p. 355. .
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Edge enhancement improves disruptive camouflage by emphasising false edges and creating pictorial relief

Egan, J., Sharman, R. J., Scott-Brown, K. C. & Lovell, P. G. (2016) Edge enhancement improves disruptive camouflage by emphasising false edges and creating pictorial relief. . . .
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Can monolinguals be like bilinguals? Evidence from dialect switching

Kirk, N. W., Kempe, V., Scott-Brown, K. C., Philipp, A. & Declerck, M. (2016) Can monolinguals be like bilinguals? Evidence from dialect switching. . . p. 164-178. .
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On the factors causing processing difficulty of multiple-scene displays

Stainer, M. J., Scott-Brown, K. C. & Tatler, B. W. (2016) On the factors causing processing difficulty of multiple-scene displays. . . .
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A reflective characterisation of occasional user

Carrillo, A. L., Martinez, S., Falgueras, J. & Scott-Brown, K. C. (2016) A reflective characterisation of occasional user. . . p. 74-89. .
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2015

Are changes in articulatory settings responsible for the language switching cost?

Kirk, N. W., Scott-Brown, K. C. & Kempe, V. (2015) Are changes in articulatory settings responsible for the language switching cost?. . . .
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Demands on executive functioning can differ among monolinguals

Kirk, N. W., Kempe, V., Scott-Brown, K. C., Philipp, A. & Declerck, M. (2015) Demands on executive functioning can differ among monolinguals. . . p. 499. .
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Finding the future

Primrose, K., Sloan, R. J. S. & Scott-Brown, K. C. (2015) Finding the future. In: Proceedings of the British HCI conference. . p. 291-292. New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).
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Twist and learn

Shovman, M., Szymkowiak, A., Bown, J. L. & Scott-Brown, K. C. (2015) Twist and learn. In: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. . p. 313-316. New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).
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Comparative ergonomic workflow and user experience analysis of MRI versus fluoroscopy-guided vascular interventions

Fernandez-Gutierrez, F., Martinez, S., Rube, M. A., Cox, B. F., Fatahi, M., Scott-Brown, K. C., Houston, J. G., McLeod, H., White, R. D., French, K., Gueorguieva, M., Immel, E. & Melzer, A. (2015) Comparative ergonomic workflow and user experience analysis of MRI versus fluoroscopy-guided vascular interventions. . . p. 1639-1650. .
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Exploring the role of enhanced-edges in disruptive camouflage

Lovell, P. G., Egan, J., Scott-Brown, K. C. & Sharman, R. J. (2015) Exploring the role of enhanced-edges in disruptive camouflage. . . p. 1241. .
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2014

Tapology

Scott-Brown, K. C., Harris, J. M., Simmers, A., Thurston, M., Abbas, M., de Majo, T., Reynolds, I., Robinson, G., Mitchell, I., Gilmour, D., Martinez, S. & Isaacs, J. (2014) Tapology. In: Universal access in Human-Computer Interaction: aging and assistive environments: 8th International Conference, UAHCI 2014, held as part of HCI International 2014, Heraklion, Crete, Greece, June 22-27, 2014, proceedings, part III. Stephanidis, C. (ed.), Antona, M. (ed.). p. 368-377. London: Springer International Publishing.
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Cognitive cost of switching between standard and dialect varieties

Kirk, N. W., Declerck, M., Scott-Brown, K. C., Kempe, V. & Philipp, A. (2014) Cognitive cost of switching between standard and dialect varieties. . . .
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Neuroscience perspectives on security

Rusconi, E., Scott-Brown, K. C. & Szymkowiak, A. (2014) Neuroscience perspectives on security. . . .
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Are shadows only coarsely processed? Exploring depth discrimination with cast shadow cue conflicts across spatial frequency

Lovell, P. G. & Scott-Brown, K. (2014) Are shadows only coarsely processed? Exploring depth discrimination with cast shadow cue conflicts across spatial frequency. . . p. 470. .
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Are cast-shadows coarsely processed? Using cue-conflict stimuli to explore perceptual weightings

Lovell, P. G. & Scott-Brown, K. (2014) Are cast-shadows coarsely processed? Using cue-conflict stimuli to explore perceptual weightings. . . p. 268-268. .
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No evidence for reduced Simon cost in elderly bilinguals and bidialectals

Kirk, N. W., Fiala, L., Scott-Brown, K. C. & Kempe, V. (2014) No evidence for reduced Simon cost in elderly bilinguals and bidialectals. . . p. 640-648 . .
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2013

Behavioral biases when viewing multiplexed scenes

Stainer, M. J., Scott-Brown, K. C. & Tatler, B. W. (2013) Behavioral biases when viewing multiplexed scenes. . . .
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Looking for trouble

Stainer, M. J., Scott-Brown, K. C. & Tatler, B. W. (2013) Looking for trouble. . . .
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Depth perception not found in human observers for static or dynamic anti-correlated random dot stereograms

Hibbard, P. B., Scott-Brown, K. C., Haigh, E. C. & Adrain, M. (2013) Depth perception not found in human observers for static or dynamic anti-correlated random dot stereograms. . . .
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AGILE interface for ‘no-learning nor experience required’ interaction

Martinez, S., Carrillo, A. L., Scott-Brown, K. C. & Falgueras, J. (2013) AGILE interface for ‘no-learning nor experience required’ interaction. In: User modeling and adaptation for daily routines: providing assistance to people with special needs. Martín, E. (ed.), Haya, P. (ed.), Carro, R. (ed.). p. 119-151. London: Springer-Verlag.
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2012

The meaning of graphs

Shovman, M., Scott-Brown, K. C., Szymkowiak, A. & Bown, J. L. (2012) The meaning of graphs. . . p. 381-398. .
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Using the principles of animation to predict allocation of attention

Sloan, R. J. S., Martinez, S. & Scott-Brown, K. C. (2012) Using the principles of animation to predict allocation of attention. . . .
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3D visualisation and artistic imagery to enhance interest in ‘hidden environments’ – new approaches to soil science

Gilford, J., Falconer, R. E., Wade, R. & Scott-Brown, K. C. (2012) 3D visualisation and artistic imagery to enhance interest in ‘hidden environments’ – new approaches to soil science. . . p. 467-482. .
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2011

Animated virtual agents to cue user attention

Martinez, S., Sloan, R. J. S., Szymkowiak, A. & Scott-Brown, K. C. (2011) Animated virtual agents to cue user attention. . . p. 299-308. .
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A phenomenological study of facial expression animation

Sloan, R. J. S., Robinson, B., Moore, F. R., Scott-Brown, K. C. & Cook, M. (2011) A phenomenological study of facial expression animation. In: Proceedings of HCI 2011 The 25th BCS Conference on Human Computer Interaction. . p. 177-186. . BCS, The Chartered Institute for IT.
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Promoting interest in soil sustainability issues using interactive virtual environments

Gilford, J., Falconer, R. E., Wade, R. & Scott-Brown, K. C. (2011) Promoting interest in soil sustainability issues using interactive virtual environments. . . .
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Gender and hazard perception skills in relation to road traffic police officers

Scrimgeour, A., Szymkowiak, A., Hardie, S. M. & Scott-Brown, K. C. (2011) Gender and hazard perception skills in relation to road traffic police officers. . . p. 333-343. .
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2010

Making a financial time machine

Scott-Brown, K. C., Ahrani Dahrani, O., Tandas, N., Mclaughlin, H., Henderson, R., Cernagovs, D., Turner, J. J. & Tarbert, H. (2010) Making a financial time machine. In: Proceedings of HCI 2010: the 24th British HCI Group Annual Conference, University of Abertay, Dundee, UK. McEwan, T. (ed.), MacKinnon, L. (ed.). p. 350-354. .
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Is visual search a high-level phenomenon? Evidence from structure perception in 3-D scatterplots

Shovman, M., Szymkowiak, A., Bown, J. L. & Scott-Brown, K. C. (2010) Is visual search a high-level phenomenon? Evidence from structure perception in 3-D scatterplots. . . p. 1149-1150. .
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Choreographing emotional facial expressions

Sloan, R. J. S., Robinson, B., Scott-Brown, K. C., Moore, F. R. & Cook, M. (2010) Choreographing emotional facial expressions. . . p. 203-213. .
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Observer perception of artistically manipulated emotional facial expression animations

Sloan, R. J. S., Robinson, B., Scott-Brown, K. C., Moore, F. R. & Cook, M. (2010) Observer perception of artistically manipulated emotional facial expression animations. In: Proceedings of the Eleventh IASTED International Conference on Computer Graphics and Imaging. Sappa, A. (ed.). . IASTED and ACTA Press.
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Using virtual agents to cue observer attention

Martinez, S., Sloan, R. J. S., Szymkowiak, A. & Scott-Brown, K. C. (2010) Using virtual agents to cue observer attention. In: CONTENT 2010: the Second International Conference on Creative Content Technologies November 21-26, 2010 - Lisbon, Portugal. Beklen, A. (ed.), Ejarque, J. (ed.), Gentzsch, W. (ed.), Kanstren, T. (ed.), Koschel, A. (ed.), Lee, Y. (ed.), Li, L. (ed.), Zemlicka, M. (ed.). p. 7-12. . International Academy, Research, and Industry Association (IARIA).
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A practice-led approach to facial animation research

Sloan, R. J. S., Robinson, B., Scott-Brown, K. C., Moore, F. R. & Cook, M. (2010) A practice-led approach to facial animation research. . . .
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Information visualization and the arts-science-social science interface

Bown, J. L., Fee, K., Sampson, A. T., Shovman, M., Falconer, R. E., Goltsov, A., Issacs, J. P., Robertson, P., Scott-Brown, K. C. & Szymkowiak, A. (2010) Information visualization and the arts-science-social science interface. In: Proceeding of the First International Conference on Intelligent Interactive Technologies and Multimedia: IITM 10. . p. 9-17. . Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).
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2009

Changing the view

Shovman, M., Szymkowiak, A., Bown, J. L. & Scott-Brown, K. C. (2009) Changing the view. In: Proceedings: Information Visualisation IV 2009. Banissi, E. (ed.), Stuart, L. (ed.), Wyeld, T. (ed.), Jern, M. (ed.), Andrienko, G. (ed.), Memon, N. (ed.), Alhajj, R. (ed.), Burkhard, R. (ed.), Grinstein, G. (ed.), Groth, D. (ed.), Ursyn, A. (ed.), Johansson, J. (ed.), Forsell, C. (ed.), Cvek, U. (ed.), Trutschl, M. (ed.), Marchese, F. (ed.), Maple, C. (ed.), Cowell, A. (ed.), Moere, A. (ed.). p. 135-138. Los Alamitos, CA: IEEE .
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Looks like text messages take longer to comprehend than send

Mayberry, L. & Scott-Brown, K. C. (2009) Looks like text messages take longer to comprehend than send. . . p. 627. .
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2008

Detect the unexpected

Scott-Brown, K. C. & Cronin, P. D. J. (2008) Detect the unexpected. . . p. 395-414. .
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Use of 'pop-out' paradigm to test graph comprehension in a three-dimensional scatter plot

Shovman, M., Scott-Brown, K. C., Szymkowiak, A. & Bown, J. L. (2008) Use of 'pop-out' paradigm to test graph comprehension in a three-dimensional scatter plot. . . p. 79-80. .
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2007

An instinct for detection

Scott-Brown, K. C. & Cronin, P. D. J. (2007) An instinct for detection. . . .
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2005

On the costs and benefits of display format in a video-based observation task

Scott-Brown, K. C. & Mann, D. P. (2005) On the costs and benefits of display format in a video-based observation task. In: Proceedings of the 2nd symposium on Applied perception in graphics and visualization. . p. 157. New York: Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).
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2004

The selective benefits of colour in the detection of changes in naturalistic scenes

Scott-Brown, K. C. & Rowan, P. (2004) The selective benefits of colour in the detection of changes in naturalistic scenes. . . p. 101. .
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2003

Interocular orientation disparity and the stereoscopic perception of slanted surfaces

Heeley, D. W., Scott-Brown, K. C., Reid, G. & Maitland, F. (2003) Interocular orientation disparity and the stereoscopic perception of slanted surfaces. . . p. 183-207. .
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Expansive micropsia

Heeley, D. W., Scott-Brown, K. C. & Clark, S. A. (2003) Expansive micropsia. . . p. 125-125. .
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Assessing the importance of letter pairs in initial, exterior, and interior positions in reading

Jordan, T. R., Thomas, S. M., Patching, G. R. & Scott-Brown, K. C. (2003) Assessing the importance of letter pairs in initial, exterior, and interior positions in reading. . . p. 883-893. .
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2002

Orientation disparity and the perception of surface slant

Heeley, D. W., Scott-Brown, K. C. & Reid, G. (2002) Orientation disparity and the perception of surface slant. . . p. 154. .
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2001

The effect of the spatial arrangement of target lines on perceived speed

Scott-Brown, K. C. & Heeley, D. W. (2001) The effect of the spatial arrangement of target lines on perceived speed. . . p. 1669-1682. .
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2000

A low-cost, accurate method of producing large quantities of digitally filtered images

Scott-Brown, K. C. & Jordan, T. R. (2000) A low-cost, accurate method of producing large quantities of digitally filtered images. . . p. 458-463. .
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Comparison blindness

Scott-Brown, K. C., Baker, M. R. & Orbach, H. S. (2000) Comparison blindness. . . p. 253-267. .
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1999

The illusory-letters phenomenon

Jordan, T. R., Thomas, S. M. & Scott-Brown, K. C. (1999) The illusory-letters phenomenon. . . p. 1413-1416. .
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1998

Contrast discrimination, non-uniform patterns and change blindness

Scott-Brown, K. C. & Orbach, H. S. (1998) Contrast discrimination, non-uniform patterns and change blindness. . . p. 2159-2166. .
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More Information

Funding

Current funding from

Scottish National Blood Transfusion Service (PcI)

Leverhulme Trust (PcI)

Previous (PI) Projects generously funded by:

Carnegie Corporation of New York (PI)

Interface (PI)

EU FP7 - iAge (co-I)

AHRC - (co-I)


Project for Scotland Crucible Award (PI)

Interdisciplinary Project Fund Award from Scottish Crucible (Scottish Funding Council, Royal Society of Edinburgh, NESTA). (PI)

ALISON ARMSTRONG RESEARCH STUDENTSHIP (PI)

SIPR Research Project (PI)

NCR Design Visualisation Project (PI)

AHRC (Knowledge Exchange: Improved Community Engagement through Spatial and Visualisation methods (ICE-SAV) a AHRC Connected Communities project led by Sinderby, S. and Wade, R.)

Human Intelligent Virtual Environment PhD Studentships (PI)

European Social Fund (PI)

The British Academy (PI)

The Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland (Supervisor & PI)

The Wellcome Trust (Supervisor)

Esteem

Esteem

In 2011 I was inducted into the Scottish Crucible, a research leadership programme supported by the Royal Society of Edinburgh and the Scottish Funding Council.

Knowledge Exchange

I am Academic Enterprise Leader here at Abertay University.

Please get in touch if you want to work with or find out more about the University Research and Knowledge Exchange landscape.

I coordinate the Psychology Employers Forum here at Abertay. We have a range of members from business, private sector and the voluntary sector. If you would like to join, please get in touch via my contacts tab above left.

Examples of previous collaborations with industry and the public sector include Principal Investigator projects with Police Scotland (also in collaboration with Ben Tatler and Matt Stainer at Dundee University) and NCR Financial Solutions Ltd.

Outreach

Outreach

Cafe Science:

I am on the organising committee for Cafe Science Dundee: Conversations about Science over coffee. Talks are on the last Monday of every month at Avery and Co Coffee House, in South Tay St., Dundee.

I have appeared on BBC1's the One Show. (http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b007tcw7) and have appeared in print and audio in the scottish printed media (Scotsman, Courier).

I have also been a judge on 1st Lego League for young people.

Our collaborative dialect research has featured extensively on the BBC, the national media and social media. Kirk, N. W., Kempe, V., Scott-Brown, K. C., Philipp, A. & Declerck, M. (2017)  Can monolinguals be like bilinguals? Evidence from dialect switching Cognition. 170, p. 164-178

See the Article on BBC News; See the viral meme on facebook 1.4+Million Views (See my Publications tab for links)

Meet the rest of the team

Dr Keith Sturrock

Dr Keith Sturrock

Division of Psychology and Forensic Sciences | Lecturer

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Dr Clare Cunningham

Dr Clare Cunningham

Division of Psychology and Forensic Sciences | Head of Division

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