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Dr Kevin Farrugia

Role: Lecturer

Division: Division of Science

School/Department: School of Science, Engineering & Tech

Telephone Number: +44 (0)1382 308689

Email: K.Farrugia@abertay.ac.uk



Biography

Kevin obtained a joint B.Sc.(Hons) in chemistry and physics from the University of Malta in 2005. He then spent one year working in drug research and chemistry development for cancer inhibition molecules with Novartis in Switzerland. In 2006 he arrived in Scotland and gained a M.Sc. in forensic science from the University of Strathclyde a year later. He started a PhD in forensic science in 2008 at the University of Strathclyde with funding from the Centre of Applied Science and Technology (previously known as the Home Office Scientific Development Branch) and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council. His research focused on the chemical enhancement of footwear impressions on fabric. He joined the University of Abertay Dundee in July 2011 after successful completion of the PhD. He is actively involved in research into the enhancement of latent marks (e.g. fingermarks and footwear marks), analysis of street drug samples for intelligence purposes and an integrated approach for multiple types of evidence. 

Teaching

Kevin is mainly involved with teaching of chemistry modules as well as the chemistry of marks and impressions. 

Research

B.Sc. Hons Project: Determination of the Presence of Ignitable Liquids on the Clothing of Simulated Arson Suspects. This project utilised a GC-FID and GC-MS to detect trace amounts of ignitable liquids on clothing.

M.Sc. Project: Distinguishing Pepper Sprays from Condiment Hot Sauces. As part of the M.Sc. placement, Kevin did this research project at the Centre of Forensic Science within the Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services of the Ontario Government in Toronto, Canada. The purpose of the project was to determine if hot sauce stains can be differentiated from pepper spray stains on clothing.

PhD Research: An Evaluation of Enhancement Techniques for Footwear Impressions made on Fabric. This research focused on the recovery, enhancement and lifting of footwear impressions from fabric. This research provided a better insight on fabric as a substrate since it is a difficult surface for the application of chemicals due to background staining and fabric properties.

My research interests include the chemical development of fingerprints and footwear marks and analytical analysis of evidence such as drugs and ink.

Publications

Peer-reviewed research papers:

Stewart, V., Deacon, P., Farrugia, K.J. A review of one-step fluorescent cyanoacrylate techniques. Fingerprint Whorld, 2016, 41 (162), 6-29

McAllister, P., Graham, E.A., Deacon, P., Farrugia, K.J. The Effect of Mark Enhancement Techniques on the Subsequent Detection of Saliva, Science & Justice, 2016, 56 (5), 305-320

Farrugia, K.J., Fraser, J., Friel, L., Adams, D., Attard-Montalto, N., Deacon, P. A comparison between atmospheric/humidity and vacuum cyanoacrylate fuming of latent fingermarks, Forensic Science International, 2015, 257, 54-70

McMorris, H., Farrugia, K.J., Gentles, D. An investigation into the detection of latent marks on the feathers and eggs of birds of prey, Science & Justice, 2015, 55 (2), 90-96

Simmons, R.K., Deacon, P., Phillips, D., Farrugia, K.J. The Effect of Mark Enhancement Techniques on the Subsequent Detection of Semen/Spermatozoa, Forensic Science International, 2014, 244, 231-246

Hammell, L., Deacon, P., Farrugia, K.J. Chemical enhancement of soil-based marks on non-porous surfaces followed by gelatin lifting, Journal of Forensic Identification, 2014, 64 (6), 583-608

Farrugia, K.J.,  Fraser, J., Calder, N., Deacon, P. Pseudo-operational trials of Lumicyano SolutionTM and Lumicyano PowderTM  for the detection of latent fingermarks on various substrates, Journal of Forensic Identification, 2014, 64 (6), 556-582

Munro, M., Deacon, P., Farrugia K.J. A preliminary investigation into the use of alginates for the lifting and enhancement of fingermarks in blood, Science & Justice, 2014, 54 (3), 185-191

Farrugia, K.J., Deacon, P., Fraser, J. Evaluation of Lumicyano(TM) cyanoacrylate fuming process for the development of latent fingermarks on plastic carrier bags by means of a pseudo operational comparative trial, Science & Justice, 2014, 54 (2), 126-132

Simmons, R. K., Deacon, P., Farrugia, K.J. Water-Soaked Porous Evidence: A Comparison of Processing Methods, Journal of Forensic Identification, 2014, 64 (2), 157-173

Rae, L., Gentles, D., Farrugia, K.J. An investigation into the enhancement of fingermarks in blood on fruit and vegetables, Science & Justice, 2013, 53 (3), 321-327

Thomas, P., Farrugia, K.J. An Investigation into the Enhancement of Fingermarks in Blood on Paper with Genipin and Lawsone, Science & Justice, 2013, 53 (3), 315-320

Ferguson, S., Nicholson, L., Farrugia, K.J., Bremner, D., Gentles, D., A Preliminary Investigation into the Acquisition of Fingerprints on Food, Science & Justice, 2013, 53 (1), 67-72

Farrugia, K.J., Bandey, H.L., Nic Daéid, N., A Comparison of Enhancement Techniques for Footwear Impressions on Dark and Patterned Fabrics, Journal of Forensic Sciences, 2013, 58 (6), 1472-1485

Farrugia, K.J., Bandey, H.L., Nic Daéid, N., Chemical Enhancement of Footwear Impressions in Blood on Fabric-Part 3: Amino Acid Staining, Science and Justice, 2013, 53 (1), 8-13

Farrugia, K.J., Riches, P., Bandey, H.L., Nic Daéid, N., Controlling the Variable of Pressure in the Production of Test Footwear Impressions, Science and Justice, 2012, 52 (3), 168-176

Farrugia, K.J., Bandey, H., Dawson, L., Nic Daéid, N., Chemical Enhancement of Soil-Based Footwear Impressions on Fabric, Forensic Science International, 2012, 219 (1-3), 12-28

Farrugia, K.J., Bandey, H.L., Bleay, S., Nic Daéid, N., Chemical Enhancement of Footwear Impressions in Urine on Fabric, Forensic Science International, 2012, 214 (1-3), 67-81

Farrugia, K.J., Savage, K.A., Bandey, H.L., Ciuksza, T., Nic Daéid, N., Chemical Enhancement of Footwear Impressions in Blood on Fabric – Part 2: Peroxidase reagents, Science & Justice, 2011, 51 (3) 110-121

Farrugia, K.J., Savage, K.A., Bandey, H.L., Nic Daéid, N., Chemical Enhancement of Footwear Impressions in Blood on Fabric – Part 1: Protein Stains, Science and Justice, 2011, 51 (3) 99-109

Farrugia K.J., Nic Daéid N., Savage K.A., Bandey H.L., Chemical enhancement of footwear impressions in blood deposited on fabric – Evaluating the use of alginate casting materials followed by chemical enhancement, Science and Justice, 2010, 50 (4) 200-204


Oral Presentations

Effect of mark enhancement techniques on the subsequent detection of body fluids, presented at The Chartered Society of Forensic Sciences Autumn Conference AGM, Birmingham, UK, November 2016

The effect of mark enhancement techniques on the subsequent detection of body fluids, presented at the 100th IAI International Conference, Sacramento, USA, August 2015

Lumicyano pseudo-operational trials for the detection of latent fingermarks, presented at the 100th IAI International Conference, Sacramento, USA, August 2015

The Effect of Enhancement Techniques on the subsequent detection of body fluids, presented at the 40th Educational Annual Conference of the Fingerprint Society, Leicester, UK, March 2015

An evaluation of Lumicyano as a one-step fluorescent cyanoacrylate process, presented at the 39th Educational Annual Conference of the Fingerprint Society, Glasgow, UK, March 2014

Chemical Treatment of Footwear Marks on Fabric, presented at the 4th European Meeting of the International Association of Bloodstain Pattern Analysts, Edinburgh, UK, Nov 2012
Physical and Chemical Techniques for the Enhancement of Shoeprints, presented at the 17th RSC ASN Emerging Professionals, Knutsford, UK, May 2012

Footwear Mark Development on Fabric, presented at the 37th Educational Annual Conference of the Fingerprint Society, Swanwick, UK, April 2012

The enhancement of footwear impressions in blood on fabric, presented at the 95th IAI International Conference, Spokane, USA, July 2010

The enhancement of footwear impressions made in urine on fabric, presented at the 95th IAI International Conference, Spokane, USA, July 2010

 

Poster Presentations

Simmons, R.K., Deacon, P., Phillips, D., Farrugia, K.J. The Effect of Mark Enhancement Techniques on the Subsequent Detection of Semen/Spermatozoa, DNA Conference & Body Fluids Forum, April 2015, Birmingham, UK. Awarded Best Poster.

Farrugia K.J.,  Bandey H.L., Nic Daéid N., Chemical Enhancement of Footwear Impressions on Fabric, Impression and Pattern Evidence Symposium 2012,Clearwater Beach, FL, USA, August 2012. Fully funded by the National Institute of Justice and the Federal Bureaux of Investigation to attend and participate at this event.

Farrugia K.J., Nic Daéid N., Savage K.A., Bandey H.L., Ciuksza T., The Enhancement of Shoeprints in Blood on Fabric with Peroxidase Reagents, 95th IAI International Conference, Spokane, USA, July 2010

Farrugia K.J., Nic Daéid N., Savage K.A., Bandey H.L., Ciuksza T., The Enhancement of Shoeprints in Blood on Fabric with Peroxidase Reagents, University of Strathclyde Research Day, UK, June 2010

Farrugia K.J., Nic Daéid N., Riches P., Bandey H.L., Controlling the Variable of Pressure in the Production of Test Footwear Impressions 5th European Academy of Forensic Science Conference, UK, September 2009

Farrugia K.J., Nic Daéid N., Bandey H.L., Ciuksza T., A Comparison of Different Techniques for the Enhancement of Bloody Footwear Impressions on Cotton Fabric, 5th European Academy of Forensic Science Conference, UK, September 2009

Farrugia K.J., Fraser J.G., Bryant C.M., Distinguishing Pepper Sprays from Condiment Hot Sauces, The Forensic Science Society Annual Conference, UK, October 2008

Esteem

Affiliations

Chartered Chemist

Member of Royal Society of Chemistry

Member of the Chartered Society of Forensic Sciences

Member of the International Association of Identification

Member of the Fingerprint Society

Fellow of the Higher Education Academy

 

Peer-review Journals Reviewer

Analytical Chemistry

Science & Justice

Forensic Science International

Journal of Forensic Identification

 

External Examiner

DeMontfort University

Funding

Chartered Society of Forensic Sciences

2015-6: £3000 for a project titled "The effect of mark enhancement techniques on the subsequent detection of blood"

 

Carnegiet Trust Undergraduate Vacational Scholarship

Students working over the summer break

2013 - Rory Simmons - Comparison of Oil Red O and Physical Developer for developing finger marks

2014 - Shannah Smith - Method development for the determination of herbal cannabis potency

2015 - Vanessa Stewart - A Pseudo Operational Comparative Trial into the Development of Latent Fingermarks Using Two-Step and One-Step Cyanoacrylate Fuming Methods.

 

Nuffield Foundation

2014 - Duncan Adams - A comparison between atmospheric/humidity and vacuum cyanoacrylate fuming of latent fingermarks

 

Other

2015: New forensic fuming cabinet worth £4000 for Abertay thanks to one of our projects winning a competition

http://www.abertay.ac.uk/about/news/newsarchive/2015/name,19689,en.html

 

2014-5: Six month loan of a £40,000 Olympus opto-digital microscope

http://www.olympus-ims.com/en/applications/csi-abertay-ligh-microscopy-in-forensics-research/
http://www.labnews.co.uk/features/fighting-crime-with-a-light-touch-21-04-2015/

 

2013-4: Consumables for student projects worth £1500

Outreach

The Abertay Science Road Show
Abertay University delivers a Science roadshow to more than 20 local secondary schools and I have been involved with this over the last 4 years. The roadshow’s aim is to promote science into the next generation as well as to promote Abertay’s science courses. In addition to the above I have also supported and participated in various other events targeted at local schools and the general public such as the Tayside Space School.

Artist in residence
My research inspired a world-wide call out to arts practitioners to carry out a period of intensive investigation in the forensic labs at Abertay. The outcome of the residency was a highly engaging exhibition at the Hannah Maclure Centre, titled “Proof”.

http://www.abertay.ac.uk/about/news/newsarchive/2013/name,12902,en.html
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qh5KLhD7TJc
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M5BudYj8vCU
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iUDW5KAXXAE

Dundee Science Centre
I started a relationship with the local science centre soon after joining Abertay. I participated in a course titled “Create and Inspire” in early 2012 to develop skills and confidence in public engagement and pitching scientific concepts to the local community. I have regularly participated in other outreach events organised by the Dundee Science Centre, the most recent being “Meet the Expert in Forensic Science” held at Dundee University to engage with the public about the truth of forensic science investigations.

Café Science Dundee
Invited to present an informal talk to the general public in Dundee in relation to my current research
http://www.abertay.ac.uk/discover/news/news-archive/2015/name,27770,en.html

Other research news
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-tayside-central-20526843
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-tayside-central-22107222
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-30802401