Dr Stefano De Paoli

Senior Lecturer

School School of Social and Health Sciences

Department Division of Sociology

Contact info

+44 (0)1382 30 8446


I joined Abertay in 2013 as Lecturer in Sociology, becoming a Senior Lecturer in August 2016.  I’m also the Abertay University Security Research Theme Leader.

Previously, I worked at Fondazione Ahref, Italy as a Research Fellow and Team Leader and at Maynooth University in Ireland, as a Post-Doctoral researcher.  I hold a PhD in Sociology and Social Research from the University of Trento in Italy.

My research interests include digital sociology – for example, reputation and the internet – , Science and Technology Studies and User Research.  I’m currently carrying out social research on Social Innovation, Cybersecurity and e-Participation. I am involved in research projects funded by the H2020 research programme.

My work on reputation and the internet has attracted media attention both in Italy and in the UK and I’ve been interviewed about this on Italian National Radio.


I presently teach on the subjects of Digital Sociology, Cybercrime and Surveillance


I am interested in surpevising dissertations in the following areas:

  • cybercrime
  • surveillance society
  • internet & social media
  • sociology of technology
  • sociology and design




Articles in Referred Journals

De Paoli, S. (2017). Not All the Bots Are Created Equal: The Ordering Turing Test for the Labeling of Bots in MMORPGs. Social Media+ Society, 3(4), 2056305117741851. http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/2056305117741851 

Mills, R. and De Paoli, S. (2017), When situativity meets objectivity in peer-production of knowledge: the case of the WikiRate platform. Accepted for publication in Program (Special Issue on Knowledge Artifacts)  DOI (10.1108/PROG-02-2017-0006)

De Paoli S. (2015). Is a Technological Singularity Near Also for Bots in MMOGs?. Journal of Virtual Worlds Research, 8(2). URL: Is a https://journals.tdl.org/jvwr/index.php/jvwr/article/view/7146/6373 (10 pages).

Kerr, A., De Paoli S., and  Keatinge, M. (2014). Surveillant Assemblages of Governance in Massively Multiplayer Online Games: A Comparative Analysis. Surveillance & Society 12.3 (2014): 320-336. URL: http://library.queensu.ca/ojs/index.php/surveillance-and-society/article/view/massive

De Paoli S. (2013). Automatic-Play and Player Deskilling in MMORPGs. Game Studies, 13(1). URL: http://gamestudies.org/1301/articles/depaoli_automatic_play

De Paoli S. (2013). The Automated Production of Reputation: Musing on bots and the Future of Reputation in the Cyberworld. International Review of Information Ethics (IRIE). Vol. 19 (07/2013). URL: http://www.i-r-i-e.net/inhalt/019/IRIE-Paoli.pdf

De Paoli S., D'Andrea V. and Teli M. (2012). Why Free Software is not the Antonym of Commercial Software: two case studies from corporate to volunteer based projects. Journal of Peer Production. Issue #1. URL: http://peerproduction.net/issues/issue-1/peer-reviewed-papers/why-free-software-is-not-the-antonym-of-commercial-software/

De Paoli S. and. Kerr A. (2012) On Crimes and Punishments in Virtual Worlds: bots, the failure of punishment and players as moral entrepreneurs. Ethics & Information Technology, 14(2) DOI: 10.1007/s10676-011-9281-7. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10676-011-9281-7#page-1

Maiolini C., De Paoli S. and Teli M. (2012). Digital Games and Communication of Health Problems. In G|A|M|E, the Italian Journal of Game Studies, 1/2012, http://www.gamejournal.it/digital-games-and-the-communication-of-health-problems-a-review-of-games-against-the-concept-of-procedural-rhetoric/

De Paoli S. and Storni C. (2011). Produsage in hybrid networks: sociotechnical skills in the case of Arduino. New Review of Hypermedia and Multimedia, 17(1), 31-52. http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13614568.2011.552641#.Uxhfdj9_uSo

De Paoli S., Gangadharan GR,  Kerr A. and  D'Andrea V. (2011). Toward Trust as Result.  A Transdisciplinary Research Agenda for the ‘Future of the Internet. Triple C Journal, 9(2), 702-714. http://www.triple-c.at/index.php/tripleC/article/download/194/258

De Paoli S. and Teli M. (2011). Introduction to “New groups and new methods? The ethnography and qualitative research of online groups”. Special Section of the Journal “Etnografia e Ricerca Qualitativa” (Ethnography and Qualitative Research), Issue 2, April-August 2011, 183-188.

De Paoli S. and Miscione G. (2010). Relationality in geoIT Software Development: or How Data Structures and Organization Perform Together. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems. 35(2), 173-182.  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0198971510000852

De Paoli S. and Kerr A. (2010). The Assemblage of Cheating: How to Study Cheating as Imbroglio in MMORPGs. FibreCulture Journal, Issue 16. URL: http://sixteen.fibreculturejournal.org/the-assemblage-of-cheating-how-to-study-cheating-as-imbroglio-in-mmorpgs/    

De Paoli S. and Kerr. A. (2009). “We Will Always Be One Step Ahead of Them”: A Case Study on the Economy of Cheating in MMORPGs . Journal of Virtual Worlds Research, 2(4). URL: https://journals.tdl.org/jvwr/article/download/865/630

Gangadharan G. R., D’Andrea V., De Paoli S. and Weiss M. (2009). Managing license compliance in free and open source software development. Information Systems Frontiers, Published Online: 21 May 2009. (8000 Words, 12 pages). URL: http://www.springerlink.com/content/j3105m3711h66681/

De Paoli S., Teli M. and D’Andrea V. (2008). Free and open source licenses in community life: Two Empirical Cases. FirstMonday, 13(10), (9500 Words, 32 pages).  URL: http://www.uic.edu/htbin/cgiwrap/bin/ojs/index.php/fm/article/view/2064/2030

De Paoli S. and D'Andrea V. (2008). How Artefacts Rule Web Based Communities: Practices of Free Software Development. Int. J. Web Based Communities, 4(2), pp.199–219. http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=1359042


Book chapters and Peer-Reviewed Proceeding Papers

De Paoli S. (2016). The Rise of the Robots in Virtual Worlds. Handbook on 3D3C Platforms. Y. Shivan (Ed.) (published by Springer). (Book Chapter).

Bani M. and De Paoli S. (2013) How to Build, Measure and use Social Reputation in e-Democracy Processes. European Conference on E-Government 13 (ECEG13) (Proceedings).

De Paoli S., De Uffici N., and D'Andrea V. (2012). Designing badges for a civic media platform: reputation and named levels. In Proceedings of the 26th Annual BCS, The Chartered Institute for IT, Interaction Specialist Group Conference on People and Computers (BCS, The Chartered Institute for IT,-HCI '12). British Computer Society, Swinton, UK, UK, 59-68.  (Proceedings)

Kerr A., De Paoli S. and Storni C. (2011). Rethinking the Role of Users in ICT Design. In Pierson J. et al (Eds.) New Media Technologies and User Empowerment, Peter Lang Publishers.  (Book Chapter)

Botvich D , McGibney J., Ostapenko G., De Paoli S., Kerr A. and Keatinge M. (2010). Integrating Players, Reputation and Ranking to Manage Cheating in MMOGs. In ACM Conference Foundation of Digital Games Conference 2010.  (Proceedings)

D’Andrea V., De Paoli S. and Teli M. (2009). The construction of peers and artifacts: the organizing role of Programming Guidelines. In System Sciences, 2009. HICSS '09. 42nd Hawaii International Conference on, pp. 1-9. (Proceedings)

Serrano M, van deer Meer S., Strassner J., De Paoli S., Kerr A. and Storni C. (2009). Trust and Reputation Policy-Based Mechanisms for Self-Protection in Autonomic Communications. In González Nieto J. et al. (Eds.) Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Vol. 5586. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, p. 249-267.  (Proceedings)

D’Andrea V., De Paoli S. and Teli M. (2008). Open to Grok. How do Hackers’ Practices Produce Hackers?. In Russo et al. (Eds.), Open Source Development, Communities and Quality, Springer IFIP, pp. 121-129.  (Book Chapter)

Erbizzoni, E., Teli M., Campagnolo G., De Paoli S. and D'Andrea V. (2006). Free/Open Source ERP and translations processes: four empirical cases. In Min Tjoa A. et al. (Eds.) Research and Practical Issues of Enterprise Information Systems, Springer IFIP, pp. 695 – 704.  (Book Chapter)

De Paoli S. and Jacucci G. (2006). Actability requirements specification using the concept of Verstehen. In Proceedings of the Action Language Organization & Information Systems Conference, Boras, Sweden, 1-2 December 2006. (My Contribution: main Author) (Proceedings)

 IN ITALIAN: D'Andrea V. and De Paoli S. (2008). Geografia del potere e licenze software: le licenze e la stabilizzazione della conoscenza. In Gherardi S. (Ed.), Le tecnologie tra lavoro e apprendimento, Il Mulino, Bologna.  (Book Chapter)


Special Issues of Journals

(as Co-Editor, with M. Teli) a 2011 Special Section of  the Journal “Etnografia e Ricerca Qualitativa” (Ethnography and Qualitative Research) Entitled: “New groups and new methods? The ethnography and qualitative research of online groups” URL: http://www.rivisteweb.it/issn/1973-3194/issue/3404


(as Co-Editor, with M. Ferron and P. Massa) Special Issue of EAI Endorsed Transactions on Ambient Systems Entitled "Ubiquitous games and gamification for well-being"  4th March 2014. http://eudl.eu/issue/amsys/3


Reports (Contribution)

Anderson, P., De Paoli, S. and C¿t¿lui, D. (2015). Status of privacy and NIS course curricula in EU Member States. ENISA Report  https://www.enisa.europa.eu/activities/stakeholder-relations/nis-brokerage-1/status-of-privacy-and-nis-course-curricula-in-eu-member-states

(2014) Roadmap for NIS education programmes in Europe - ENISA Report - http://www.enisa.europa.eu/activities/stakeholder-relations/nis-brokerage-1/roadmap-for-nis-education-programmes-in-europe

(2013) in Italian: I media civici in ambito parlamentare (Civic Media & Parliaments) - Prepared for the Senate of Italian Republic - link


Book Reviews

  • Review of “The Offensive Internet: Speech, Privacy, and Reputation” by Saul Levmore and Martha C. Nussbaum (eds.). In Teachers College Record, April 2011
  • Review of Bonnie Nardi. "My Life as a Night Elf Priest. An Antropological Account of World of Warcraft. In Journal of Computer Supported Cooperative Work (JCSCW), Volume 19, Issue 5 (2010), Page 515. DOI:10.1007/s10606-010-9121-z
  • Review of David Myers. “Play Redux: The Form of Computer Games”. In Teachers College Record, December 2010.

Meet the rest of the team

Mr Andrew Panay

Mr Andrew Panay

Division of Sociology | Lecturer

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Ms Hazel Work

Ms Hazel Work

Division of Sociology | Lecturer

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