I am best known in Psychology for the idea of ‘Comparison Blindness’. Harry Orbach introduced me to Change Blindness, and while working in his lab I suggested that the problem of surprising difficulties in perception that became known as change blindness could be accounted for by the notion of a difficulty in the brain making explicit comparisons, rather than due to explanations of sparse coding of objects.
During my time at Abertay, I have sought to develop applications for my findings in Change Blindness. These have been most notably achieved in the domain of Policing, where I have conducted Knowledge Exchange work with Surveillance Operators in the Police, and have a collaboration with the Active Vision Laboratory at Dundee University assessing the oculomotor constraints on effective use of complex, multi-element visual displays.Knowledge Transfer and Applications
More recently, I have been lucky enough to pursue this Change Blindness strand, along with my previous experience in the perception of motion at St Andrews University at Abertay, through my close collaboration with colleagues as the Institute for Arts Media and Computer Games. In a series of projects we are tackling the problems of change blindness that occur in computer interfaces by using animation techniques to effectively guide user attention in a complex visual array to the desired area. We argue that a combination of pictorial and animation cues is the best method to achieve this, rather than to rely on symbolic cues such as written instructions.Research Degree Opportunities
I am keen to supervise students in any of these or related areas, and we offer the following research degrees: one-year MSc by Research, two-year MPhil or three-year PhD. For more information please email k.scott-brown @ abertay.ac.uk (take out the spaces) or telephone +44(0)1382 308590.
Perception Lab People
Santiago Gil Martinez (Phd)
Neil Kirk (MSc)
(Whitespace Funded Studentships)
Sharon Ovenstone (Nee Pearson) (Mphil)
Robin Sloan PhD
Mark Shovman PhD
Previous Visiting Academics:
Michael Edward Edgerton
Leverhulme Composer in Residence (2006/7), University of Abertay Dundee.
Winner of the Kompositionspreis der Landeshauptstadt Stuttgart 2007!!!
Link to residency page and playable sample files: http://www.abertay.ac.uk/About/Residency.cfm
I have teaching responsibilities for Undergraduate and Masters Level Perception and Cognitive Psychology as well as Research Methods. I also supervise postrgaduate research students, you can see some of their publications in my list below.
My public engagement work includes collaboration with Sensation at the Dundee Science Centre, based around change blindness research. Follow the link to the Visual Psychology Lab for online demos.
I coordinate the Psychology Employers Forum here at Abertay. We have a range of members from business, private sector and the voluntary sector. If you would like to join, please get in touch via my contacts tab above left.
Examples of previous collaborations with industry and the public sector include Principal Investigator projects with Police Scotland (also in collaboration with Ben Tatler and Matt Stainer at Dundee University) and NCR Financial Solutions Ltd.
Current industry collaborators are two most excellent computer games companies: Space Budgie, and Quartic Llama.
- more details about these collaborations will appear on the publications tab in due course.
In the meantime, here is some information about both companies.
Space Budgie also have a brand new alpha of their new game available from 14th Feb, 2014.
Here's the trailer: www.youtube.com/watch?v=S3kzGMao4Uw
You can get Glitchspace here: spacebudgie.itch.io/glitchspace
Their website is: spacebudgie.com
You can read about their work with National Theatre of Scotland at pocketgamer.
Their website is at http://quarticllama.com
Shovman, M., Szymkowiak, A. Bown, J. & Scott-Brown, K. C. (2015 in press) Twist and Learn:Interface Learning in 3DOF Exploration of 3D Scatterplots. CHI 2015 ID No: pn433
http://chi2015.acm.org/program/full_schedule/ Monday 20th Room 402 Interaction in 3D Space 14:30
Fernandez-Gutierrez, F., Martinez, S., Rube, M. A., Cox B. F., Fatahi, M., Scott-Brown, K. C., Houston, J. G., McLeod, H., White, R. D., French, K., Gueorguieva, M., Immel, E., Melzer, A. (2015) Comparative ergonomic workflow and user experience analysis of MRI versus fluoroscopy guided vascular interventions: an iliac angioplasty exemplar case study. International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery.
Hibbard PB, Scott-Brown KC, Haigh EC, Adrain M (2014) Depth Perception Not Found in Human Observers for Static or Dynamic Anti-Correlated Random Dot Stereograms. PLoS ONE 9(1): e84087. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0084087
Scott-Brown, K. C., Harris, J., Simmers, A., Thurston, M., Abbas, M. deMajo, T., Reynolds, I. Robinson, G. Mitchell, I, Gilmour, D. Martinez, S., & Isaacs, J. (2014) ‘Tapology: A game-based platform to facilitate e-health and e-inclusion’. In Stephanidis, C. & Antona, M. (Eds) Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Aging and Assistive Environments Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 8515, 2014, pp 368-377
Neil W. Kirk, Linda Fiala, Kenneth C. Scott-Brown & Vera Kempe (2014): No evidence for reduced Simon cost in elderly bilinguals and bidialectals, Journal of Cognitive Psychology, DOI:10.1080/20445911.2014.929580
Stainer M.J., Scott-Brown K.C. and Tatler B.W. (2013) Looking for trouble: a description of oculomotor search strategies during live CCTV operation. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:615. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00615 Special Issue on Neuroscience perspectives on Security: Technology, Detection and Decision Making.
Stainer M.J., Scott-Brown, K. C. and Tatler, B.W. (2013) Behavioural biases when viewing multiplexed scenes: scene structure and frames of reference for inspection. Frontiers in Psychology 4:624. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00624
Gilford, J. Falconer, R. Wade, R. and Scott-Brown, K. (2013) Virtual Environments and artistic images for raising awareness of Soil Sustainability Issues. European Journal of Engineering Education Published online: 01 Aug 2013 DOI: 10.1080/03043797.2013.811472
Kirk, N. W., Scott-Brown, K. & Kempe, V. (2013 ) Do older Gaelic-English bilinguals show an advantage in inhibitory control? Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. P782-787 ISBN 978-0-9768318-9-1
Isaacs, J., Martinez, S., Milne, A. Scott-Brown, K. C., Evans, A, Gilmour, D. (2013 in press) Mobile Technology and E-Inclusion. In Stephanidis, C. & Antona, M. (Eds) Lecture Notes in Computer Science: Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Applications and Services for Quality of Life 626-635 Springer Berlin Heidelberg. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-39194-1_72
Martinez, S. Carrillo, A.L., Scott-Brown, K. and Falgueras, J. (2013) "AGILE Interface for 'No-Learning nor Experience required' Interaction" In Martín, E., Haya, P. A., & Carro, R. M. “User Modeling and Adaptation for Daily Routines” Human-Computer Interaction Series published by Springer. pp 119-151 http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-1-4471-4778-7_5
Shovman, M., Scott-Brown, K., Szymkowiak, A., & Bown, J. (2012) Shaping a view: rotation enabled structure perception in an interactive 3-D scatter plot visualisation task. Special Issue of Gestalt Theory 34, ¾ 381-398. Available now from http://gth.krammerbuch.at/sites/default/files/articles/AHAH%20callback/Scott_Brown_Scatterplots.pdf
Scott-Brown, K. C., Robinson, B., Moore F., Cook, M., Martinez, S. & Sloan, R. J. (2012) Systematic assessment of emotional expression using facial animation techniques. Perception. Vol 41 (Suppl.). P 234
Martinez, S., Sloan, R., Szymkowiak, A. & Scott-Brown, K. (2011). Animated Virtual Agents to Cue User Attention. International Journal On Advances in Intelligent Systems, 4(3 and 4), pp.299-308.
Available now from: http://www.thinkmind.org/download.php?articleid=intsys_v4_n34_2011_19
Scott-Brown, K.C., et al. 2010. Making a financial time machine: a multi-touch application to enable interactive 3-D visualization of distant savings goals. In: People and Computers XXIV Games are a Serious Business. Proceedings of HCI 2010 The 24th British HCI Group Annual Conference University of Abertay, Dundee, UK. 6 - 10 September 2010.
Runner up in best paper competition.
Hibbard, P, B,, Scott-Brown K,, Haigh E,, Adrain M,, 2011, "No evidence for the perception of depth in anticorrelated random dot stereograms in a large number of observers" Perception 40 ECVP Abstract Supplement, page 146 http://www.perceptionweb.com/abstract.cgi?id=v110555
Finnegan, S. and Scott-Brown, K. (2011) Screen selection and meta-cognitive error in a quadraplex video observation task. In: Vitu, F., Castet, E., & Goffart, L. (Eds.) (2011). Abstracts of the 16th European Conference on Eye Movements, Marseille, 21 - 25 August 2011. Journal of Eye Movement Research, 4(3) 98
Martinez, S., Sloan, R., Szymkowiak, A. & Scott-Brown, K. (2010) Using Virtual Agents to Cue Observer Attention: Assessment of the impact of agent animation. Paper presented to The Second International Conference on Creative Content Technologies CONTENT 2010. November 21-26, 2010 - Lisbon, Portugal. PP7-12. ISBN: 978-1-61208-001-7.
Sloan, R.J.S., Robinson, B., Scott-Brown, K., Moore, F. and Cook, M. (2010). Choreographing emotional facial expressions. Journal of Computer Animation and Virtual Worlds. DOI: 10.1002/cav.339
Sloan, R.J.S., Robinson, B., Scott-Brown, K., Moore F. & Cook, M. (2010) A practice-led approach to Facial Animation Research. In Proceedings of the ACM/SSPNET 2nd International Symposium on Facial Analysis and Animation (FAA '10). ACM, New York, NY, USA, 16-16. DOI=10.1145/1924035.1924043 http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1924035.1924043
Shovman, M., Szymkowiak, A., Bown, J., & Scott-Brown, K. (2010). Is visual search a high-level phenomenon? Evidence from structure perception in 3-D scatterplots. Perception, 39(March), 1149-1150. doi: 10.1068/ava10am.
Mayberry, L. & Scott-Brown, K. C. (2009) Looks like text messages take longer to comprehend than send. Perception, 38, p 627.
Shovman, M. M. Szymkowiak, A. Bown, J. L. & Scott-Brown, K. C. (2009) Changing the view: towards the theory of visualisation comprehension. In Information Visualisation. Ed. E. Banissi (Barcelona) pp 135-138.
Shovman, M. M., Scott-Brown, K. C. Szymkowiak, A & Bown, J. L. (2008) Use of ‘pop-out’ paradigm to test graph comprehension in a three-dimensional scatter plot. Perception Vol 37. Pp79-80.
Scott-Brown, K. C. & Cronin P. D. J. (2008) Detect the unexpected: A science for surveillance’ Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies & Management 31 (3), 395-414. Download a pre-print pdf
Scott-Brown, K. C. & Cronin, P. D. (2007) An instinct for detection: Psychological perspectives on CCTV surveillance. The Police Journal. 4, pp. 287-305.
Scott-Brown, K. C., & Mann, D. P. (2005). On the costs and benefits of display format in a video-based observation task. Paper presented at the Proceedings of the 2nd symposium on Applied Perception in Graphics and Visualization, A Coroña, Spain.
Scott-Brown, K. C., & Rowan, P. (2004) On the selective benefits of colour on the detection of changes in naturalistic scenes. Perception (suppl.), 101c
Heeley, D.W., Scott-Brown, K. C., & Clark, S. (2003). Expansive Micropsia Perception (suppl.), 125a
Heeley, D.W., Scott-Brown, K.C., Reid, G. & Maitland, F. (2003) Interocular orientation disparity and the stereoscopic perception of slanted surfaces. Spatial Vision, 16, 183-207
Jordan, T.R., Thomas, S.M., Patching, G.R., & Scott-Brown, K.C. (2003) Assessing the importance of letter pairs in initial, exterior, and interior positions in reading. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition 29: 883–893.
Heeley, D.W., Scott-Brown, K.S., & Reid, G. (2002). Orientation disparity and the perception of surface slant Perception (suppl.),154a
Scott-Brown, K.C. & Heeley, D.W. (2001) The effect of the spatial arrangement of target lines on perceived speed. Vision Research, 41, 1669-1682
Scott-Brown, K. C. & Jordan, T. R, (2000) A low-cost, accurate method of producing large quantities of digitally filtered images automatically. Behavior Research Methods Instruments and Computers. 32(3), 458-463.
Most Cited Paper
Scott-Brown, K.C., Baker, M. & Orbach, H.S. (2000) "Comparison Blindness". Visual Cognition 7, 253-267.
Follow the Comparison Blindness Citation Trail on Google Scholar. If you can't get hold of Visual Cognition then ask me for a pre-print.
Jordan, T. R., Thomas, S. M. & Scott-Brown, K. C. (1999) The Illusory Letters Phenomenon: An illustration of graphemic Restoration in visual word recognition. Perception. 28, 1413-1416.
Scott-Brown, K.C. & Orbach, H.S. (1998)."Contrast Discrimination, Non-Uniform Patterns and Change Blindness". Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. 256(1410): 2159-2164.
Please e-mail email@example.com if you require reprints or pre-prints of any articles.
Current funding from
Carnegie Corporation of New York (PI)
Leverhulme Trust (co-I)
Previous (PI) Projects generously funded by:
EU FP7 - iAge (co-I)
AHRC - (co-I)
Project for Scotland Crucible Award (PI)
Interdisciplinary Project Fund Award from Scottish Crucible (Scottish Funding Council, Royal Society of Edinburgh, NESTA). (PI)
ALISON ARMSTRONG RESEARCH STUDENTSHIP (PI)
SIPR Research Project (PI)
NCR Design Visualisation Project (PI)
AHRC (Knowledge Exchange: Improved Community Engagement through Spatial and Visualisation methods (ICE-SAV) a AHRC Connected Communities project led by Sinderby, S. and Wade, R.)
Human Intelligent Virtual Environment PhD Studentships (PI)
European Social Fund (PI)
The British Academy (PI)
The Carnegie Trust for the Universities of Scotland (Supervisor & PI)
The Wellcome Trust (Supervisor)
I am on the organising committee for Cafe Science Dundee: Conversations about Science over coffee. Talks are on the last Monday of every month at Chambers Coffee House, and in the middle Wednesday of every month at Dundee Science Centre.
I have appeared on BBC1's the One Show.
In 2011 I was inducted into the Scottish Crucible, a research leadership programme supported by the Royal Society of Edinburgh and the Scottish Funding Council.
I am affiliated to the Centre for Oculomotor Research (CORE) at the University of Dundee's School of Psychology.